The diversity of plants and animals that has developed here is also under special protection.
The local nature reserve «Alexandriyskie Pogorki» is located in the eastern part of the Voronovo district, near the border with Lithuania. This is a unique natural landscape complex that covers over a thousand hectares. Terminal moraine hills and ridges were formed during the last Sozh glaciation about 220-130 thousand years ago. The reserve is especially interesting for ecological educational tourism being an example of the most typical landscape of the northwestern part of the Oshmyany Upland.
Poozersky glacier traces
Experts have counted 273 species of plants and 70 species of wild animals In the reserve. The abundance of strawberries, blueberries, lingonberries, raspberries is impressive here. And according to the types of medicinal plants, these are real healing pantries.
Aeolian heights, transit between forests
Century oak trees and island on the lake
Two hundred thousand years ago
The glacier left a mark
The landscape reserve «Turkish Ridges» was created in Korelichi district to preserve the biological and landscape diversity in 1997. It was when the district executive committee accepted the proposal of the Institute of Geological Sciences of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus and gave the territory of 150 hectares the status of a landscape geologist¬geomorphological reserve. Scientists have determined its geological age – 220-150 thousand years from the time of the Sozh glacier. Of particular interest for science are terminal moraine formations unusual for the relief of Belarus. They were formed directly by glaciers during their movement and exaration. Among them are accumulations of quaternary sand, sandy loam, loam, pebbles, boulders and other rocks in the form of arcuate ridges brought and deposited by a glacier in its lower part. The study of the traces that the glaciers left behind, gives an idea of the composition of the earth’s crust, make it possible to understand the geological processes that took place in it.
Two hundred meters above sea level
The landscape reserve of local importance «Borkovsky terminal moraine massif» was created in Slonim district to preserve the characteristic forms of the terminal moraine relief that is made up of formations of the times of the Sozh glaciation. The highest point of the district is located on the territory of the reserve. Its absolute mark is 223.6 meters above sea level.
The sediments which form the massif were squeezed out from under the glaciers in the direction of the interband zone. Over time, the slopes of the formed piles and ridges closer to the peaks were covered with forest, and the watershed parts began to be used by people for arable land. The territory of the reserve is approximately 3.5 kilometers from north to south, and up to three kilometers wide. Picturesque landscapes of the Novogrudok Upland open from the western slopes of the Borkovsky massif.
The reserve «Zagoryevsky terminal moraine massif» was created in Slonim district in order to preserve the characteristic forms of the terminal moraine relief which was formed about 220¬150 thousand years ago during the time of the Sozh glacier. Scientists believe that once there was a corner zone of the edge of the glacier on this territory and small shifts in the position of the glacier took place. Unique relief forms were formed as a result of the squeezing out of glacial and moraine rocks from the sides of adjacent glacial tongues. Small hills are grouped in the central part on a flat plateau. Its height in relation to the neighboring areas and valleys of the Shchara river reaches 50 meters. Spruce and coniferous forests grow on the slopes of the massif, which determines the nature of the flora and fauna. A beautiful view of the wide and picturesque valley of the Shchara river opens from the eastern slope. The total area of the landscape reserve of local importance «Zagoryevsky terminal moraine massif» today is 1240.6 hectares.
Ancient celestial necklace
As many as six lakes, elongated in one line, in Smorgon district were formed as a result of melting of the glacier. The reserve “Blue Lakes” was created in 1994 to preserve in its natural state this unique lake complex within the hilly¬undulating water¬glacial landscapes. Scientists have found out the origin of this unique blue chain. Once, during the retreat of the glacier, large blocks of buried ice remained for some time on the territory. With increasing temperatures, the ice melted, the rocks lying on it sank. As a result, shallow, most often rounded, basins which were filled with water were formed.